Ghosn, who has been arrested several times over the last couple of years for high-scale financial fraud, used to be the CEO and chairman of the Renault Nissan Mitsubishi Alliance. He was fired from his position after several cases of financial fraud accused him of misreporting income to financial regulators, transferring personal losses onto Nissan's corporate books, and transferring corporate funds for personal use.
In a statement sent to Bloomberg, Ghosn explains that his disappearance is to escape Japan's unfair government.
“I am now in Lebanon and will no longer be held hostage by a rigged Japanese justice system where guilt is presumed, discrimination is rampant, and basic human rights are denied. I have not fled justice—I have escaped injustice and political persecution.”
Ghosn, who spent much of his childhood in Lebanon, is already a citizen. But more importantly, the county has no extradition agreement with Japan. This means that Japan can't follow Ghosn to punish him for his crimes.
Ghosn's Lawyer, Junichiro Hironaka, told Bloomberg that Ghosn's passports were withheld. This means that he would have had to use a different identity to leave Japan. There are rumors that he was smuggled out of the country by hiding in an instrument case of a music group that performed at Ghosn's Christmas party, even.
I may not be a legal expert. But if I had to guess, Ghosn knows how much hot water he's in so he's shifting blame away from him and fleeing the country to avoid being caught.